The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has called for immigrants to be better integrated into their destination countries, citing the economic advantages of migration and improvements needed to the EU’s labour market.
In in a report entitled Ready To Help? Improving Resilience Of Integration Systems For Refugees And Other Vulnerable Migrants, the OECD said that despite the costs their arrival may represent in the short term, refugees either have a neutral or positive impact on the economy.
“The additional workforce represented by refugees is, in some cases, seen as a way of reducing the shortage of workers, in the context of an ageing European workforce,” the OECD said.
While public perception of immigration is often negative, with some expressing concern about its effects on wages or employment, particularly among low-skilled workers, the report said that for about half of the European countries, the arrivals of refugees will clearly have no impact on the workforce, and the others will only see a moderate impact by the end of 2020.
The OECD also revealed that in EU countries where locals have greater interaction with immigrants, they more readily regard immigrants as an opportunity for their country, rather than a problem.
The organisation also called for integration measures to be strengthened for two groups of particularly vulnerable immigrants: women refugees and unaccompanied minors.