22.8 per cent of enterprises in Malta were foreign-controlled in 2016, according to figures released by Eurostat.
A foreign affiliate is defined as an enterprise resident in a country which is under the control of an institutional unit not resident in the same country.
At the level of individual EU Member States, the countries with the highest shares of value added by foreign-controlled enterprises in 2016 were Hungary (51.4 per cent), Slovakia (48.1 per cent) and Luxembourg (44.6 per cent).
In contrast, four EU Member States had shares under 20 per cent: Cyprus (13.4 per cent), Italy (15.8 per cent), Greece (16.3 per cent) and France (16.4 per cent).
In 2016, 1.2 per cent of enterprises in the European Union (EU) were foreign-controlled. They accounted for 15.3 per cent of EU employment and 25 per cent of the value added in the non-financial business economy.
Between 2010 and 2016, the share of value added by foreign-controlled enterprises in the EU rose by 2.3 percentage points.